1112063 - Anglais Linguistique synchronique

Volume horaire total 18
Volume horaire CM 18



Master 2 - Semestre 9 Enseignant : Denis JAMET Langue d'enseignement : Anglais/Français Thème du cours : Metaphorical thought and language
We will first trace the long history of metaphor, from Aristotle to contemporary research, especially through the work of the American cognitive linguists. We will first define metaphor by opposition to other linguistic structures, such as metonymy, synecdoche and comparison. Its role and evolution will then be studied by the yardstick of cognitive linguistics, as well as the French linguistic theory known as the utterer-centered approach to language, two theories that will be applied together. We will examine the various language structures metaphor can take on through an utterer-centered approach to language, keeping in mind the ubiquitous conceptual nature of metaphor. Emphasis will be laid on metaphorical vagueness and proliferation, two notions which not only represent the main asset, but the raison d'être of metaphor. The fundamentally dynamic nature of metaphor - exemplified not only by its polysemy, but also by the linguistic evolution it can follow - will be related to the role it plays in the linguistic system and in its evolution. We will finally discuss the fact that this conceptual structure leaves traces when uttered in a specific situation of utterance; these traces are visible in the form of an additional structure.


  • Knowles Murray et Moon Rosamund, Introducing Metaphor, Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), 2005.
  • Kövecses Zoltán, Metaphor. A Practical Introduction, Oxford - New York, Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Lakoff George et Johnson Mark, Metaphors We Live By, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1980.

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